Geography

Kakinada is located at 16.93°N 82.22°E.[3] The 82½ degrees east longitude, with respect to which IST (Indian Standard Time) is calculated, passes through Kakinada. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (6 ft) and many areas of the city are below sea level. The city has roughly a north-south orientation and is confined to a long narrow strip parallel to the sea coast. The average width of the city is around 6 km but its length is around 15 km. It can be divided into two broad regions. The city in the south called Jagannathapuram is separated from the rest of the city by Buckingham Canal. A couple of bridges connect these parts. This canal and its branches form Medaline Island, which abuts the city in the southwest.

The northern part consists of the more modern part of the city and its recent outgrowth. The eastern part is separated from coastline by an industrial belt, running north-south through the entire length of the city. The city is bordered in the south east by Kakinada bay and a marshy wetland, home to India’s second largest mangrove forest and Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary. One of the branches of the mighty River Godavari, the Gouthami, flows into the Bay of Bengal at this point.

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Demographics

Kakinada is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located 465 kilometres (289 mi) east of the state capital, Hyderabad. It is also the headquarters of East Godavari district.The city had an urban population of 312,936 in 2011,[1] making it the sixth largest city by area and the ninth largest city by population in Andhra Pradesh. Its population consists of 157,573 males and 155,363 females. The sex ratio of Kakinada city is 1046 per 1000 females. It is spread over an area of 190 km2.